Friday, August 14, 2015

02. Story of the Internet

Internet is becoming a part in life of everyone. It also has created problems to young people. Schools, parents and students are struggling to address and contain the growing cyber bullying problem. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link several billion devices worldwide.

Internet is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope. They are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. Nearly 40 percent of the world's population is connected by internet. in 2015 there are estimated 3,179,035,200 Internet users worldwide. The mobile technologies and smart phones has made internet users grow at a rapid phase. Internet began in 1950, with US Department of Defense initiating ARPANET project to develop a communication network to be used in case another world war errupts. The first message was sent over the ARPANET from computer science Professor Leonard Kleinrock's laboratory at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) to the second network node at Stanford Research Institute (SRI). The project was dropped by US  Department of Defense, but APPANET continued.

The Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) introduced in 1982 by Vint Cerf, Bob Kahn and Donald Davies recognized as "the fathers of the Internet". Since then commercial Internet services appeared. The World Wide Web invented by Tim Berners-Lee 1980 enabled store and link hypertext documents on internet connected computers called web servers.

Since the mid-1990s, the Internet made a revolutionary impact on society, culture, educaition and business. Today the Internet continues to grow, with greater amounts of online information, commerce, entertainment, and social networking creatisers of these sites are able to add a wide variety of information to pages, to pursue common interests, and to connect with others. Sites like LinkedIn foster commercial and business connections. YouTube and Flickr specialize in users' videos and photographs.

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